Stinging arthropods

Stinging arthropods

International Pest Management Network President Dr. Mark Lacey has classified Stinging Arthropods in four primary groups: Bees and Wasps, Scorpions, Ants and some Caterpillars. The sting of these insects are due to the direct toxic action of their venom or as a result of man's allergic reaction due to the bite or infection from scratching. For this section we will focus on occasional pests in human habitats such as Wasps and Bees.

Common stinging arthropods species


Paper Wasp: Ropalidia socialistica

Appearance: Compared to bees, Wasps have smooth bodies. There are several species of Wasps, with colors varying from solid to multiple with bodies marked or banded with yellow and orange, brown or yellow or a combination of brown, orange, yellow and black.

Size: 19.75 to 25 mm

Wasps are considered more of a nuisance to man mainly because of their scavenging, feeding attraction to our food and soft drinks. They are actually also beneficial insects as they are predatory to other insects and spiders. However in the US, severe reactions to even death due anaphylactic shock from wasp stings have been reported. Paper Wasps meanwhile, can be considered structural pests as they build unsightly small, umbrella-shaped nests in roof overhangs, eaves or window ledges. When disturb they may also attack.
Honey Bee

Apis mellifera Linnaeus

Appearance: Compared to wasps, Honey Bees have hairy yellow and black bodies with wide or flattened hind tarsus in their basal segment. Their nests are made of wax cells, usually found in wall voids or under slab foundations of structures.

Size: 16.9 mm

Honey Bees are one of our most important social beneficial insects. We owe them honey, beeswax and the pollination of most of our crop-bearing plants. Bees do have a complex, venomous sting that must be removed immediately to keep its toxin from getting deeper into the skin.

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Managing bee and wasp infestations

Thorough inspection
Managing bee and wasp infesations include thorough inspection and interviews before any action is undertaken.
Professional services
PIXA provides these professional services combined with technical support in preventing new entry or nesting of new colonies.

PIXA has the answer

PIXA provides these professional services combined with technical support in preventing new entry or nesting of new colonies. Nest removal and other appropriate measures are done professionally with the right materials, equipment and timing.


PCAP Training, 2020
Dr. I. Lit, Jr.
Urban Pest Control, A Practitioner's Guide
P. Dhang
Handbook of Pest Control
A. Mallis

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