Wildlife such as Bats, Birds, as well as Snakes, Lizards and the like are mostly protected animals. They are important in maintaining the ecological balance. However when their habitat is disturbed or threatened, or in search of food and hiding areas they may venture into commercial and residential areas.

Common wildlife in the Philippines

Fruit bats

Appearance: Large eyes, faces are dog-like

Size: Varies from 70 to 310mm and may weigh from 14 grams to 1.25 kilograms

Fruit Bats usually roost in trees and caves and they play important roles in the ecosystem as they contribute in pollination and forest regeneration. In the Philippines the known species of Fruit Bats include the Common Short-nosed Fruit Bat, the Musky Fruit Bat, and those called Flying Foxes which feed on fruits of native trees. The longest wingspan on record of the Pteropus vampyrus is 1 to 5 meters.
Insect-eating Bats

Appearance: The adult male of this species have a parch of dark brown hair under their chin.

Size: Asian House Bats weigh about 25-30 grams with a length of 130-150 mm. The Black-bearded Tomb Bat meanwhile are about 100-110 mm with a weight of 20 to 29 grams.

Asian House Bats, as the name implies, live in ceilings of houses while the and Black-bearded Tomb Bats may be found in high-ceilinged buildings like churches and also in caves.
Birds are more beneficial than being pests. They only become a cause for concern when they come into human habitats. A main complaint due to birds are their droppings in commercial establishments, factories and other structures. In airports bird strikes are a main hazard. While for the migratory birds, some may carry parasites and diseases. Bird species that impact commercial and agricultural sections include Swallows, Swiftlets, Finches, Bee-eaters, Pigeons, Raptors. Parrots, Kingfishers and Ducks.
Snakes and other Reptiles
Not all snakes are venomous or harmful. In the Philippines, the Reticulated Python, known locally as "Sawa" and the Cobra are two of the most notorious species. In many cases, they venture into human dwellings when they see ideal harbourage such as a pile of clutter or when there is food to be had, such as Rats for Snakes. Aside from Snakes, the other Reptiles are Lizards, Crocodiles and Turtles.

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Education and Integrated Pest Management is utmost

Awareness is the first step in preventing wildlife and other stray animals from venturing into human habitats. PIXA can provide technical guidance in implementing preventive exclusion devices or practices, and when necessary, professional animal handlers will be hired. Depending on the animal and the prevailing conditions, traps may also be applicable. Utmost care to protect the animal until they are let lose in their natural habitats is also a priority.


PCAP Training, 2018
Dr. P. Alviola, Dr. L. E. Afuang, Dr. J.C. T. Gonzalez
Urban Pest Control, A Practitioner's Guide
P. Dhang

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